Current research projects

» GENERA – Gender Equality Network in European Research Area

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 665637.

Director of the project: dr Paulina Sekuła
Team members: dr Paula Pustułka, Ewa Krzaklewska, Justyna Struzik
Project duration: 2015-2018

Description: GENERA is a project aiming at continuing, monitoring and improving the Gender Equality Plans of Research Institutions and Organizations specifically in the physics research field. These three actions will be performed by a Consortium of 12 beneficiary partner research performing and research funding organizations, and a number of associate partners and observers. The GENERA Consortium includes a considerable representation of women physicists active in their careers at different levels and will engage with further women physicists active in various Institutions to benchmark and monitor the effectiveness of already active and previously proposed measures and the ones which will be proposed by the Consortium. The end goal is to propose and create organizational structures allowing physics research in Europe to benefit from the greater presence of talented women at all levels, and which can open up more opportunities for women to create successful careers in physics research and in related fields. While the end goal will focus on the research world, GENERA will look into the origin of the problem by creating liaisons with schools and proposing suitable programs to foster the field from early stages and to propose measures that can be adopted by middle and high schools. Another major goal of GENERA is to contribute to overcome the under-representation of women in physics research which is long-standing and persistent even if the prevailing cultures adopt the assumption of being ‘gender neutral'. Still these assumptions did not produce the desired effect of increasing female representation in the physics research field. GENERA will focus on the implementation by European research organization of Gender Equality Plans customized to circumstances and needs of the physics research community. The customised Gender Equality Plans involve systematic examination of all decision-making processes to identify any possible sources of gender bias in the research organisations active in physics and related fields.

Project partners: Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron A Research Centre of the Helmholtz Association (DESY), Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (FOM), Netherlands, Karlsruhe Institut of Technology (KIT), Germany, Portia Ltd, United Kingdom, National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Italy, Max Planck Gesellschaft (MPG), Germany, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, Austria, University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, National Research Council (CNR), Italy, Horia Hulubei National Institute for R&D in Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH). Romania, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), France. 

» Think locally, act globally: Polish farmers in the global world of sustainability and resilience

This project has received funding from the National Centre of Science

Director of the project: prof. dr hab. Krzysztof Gorlach
Team members: settlement of the competition for the positions will be conducted
Project duration: 2016-2021

Description: The title of the project has been purposively formulated in a tricky way. At the first glance its first part, i.e. "think globally, act locally" might suggest the mistake in using this particular statement, used mainly by ecologists trying to reflect the nature and the logic of the contemporary globalized world. That means that whatever might be done in a particular place, region and/or community should be treated as a particular mutation of some global problems, characterizing various societies scattered all over the world. In this particular project we want to present the entirely opposite type of thinking about globalized society. Our message might be stated as follows: "think locally, act globally". The justification of such an argument might require an analysis of the more complex mechanism of global society functioning and development. Such a mechanism clearly shows the need of participation of local people, organizations and resource in extra-local/global networks. Therefore we make an attempt to analyze the functioning of family farms in Poland including their regional diversifications as parts of some extra-local networks. The study under the project frame will allow us to grasp wholesome perspective on the changes in functioning of rural areas and agriculture, yet it is not confined to farm owners/operators. Our project is one of its kind of analysis of deep analysis of processes occurring in rural areas in Poland. Its results will allow to critically evaluate consequences of the EU accession, evaluate to condition of sustainability in the context of Polish agriculture, and to lay foundations for international comparative study in the area of combined approaches in social and agricultural sciences.

The project will be carried out on:

1) Analysis of relations between family household and farm, especially the issue of ownership and tenancy of land, on farm work performed by particular family members, neighbour work under the system of rural community mutual help, hired workers, off-farm jobs taken by family members.

2) Construction of social portraits of persons who are farm operators: their relations with formal owners of farmlands. Moreover, we will focus on their identities, their self-perceptions of their social positions compared to other people running businesses, as well as their decision-making processes, including sources and types of knowledge, factors taken into consideration and the general goal of farm operation, the "ideal type" of family farm as well as their attitudes towards external financial resources that might be used in farm operation.

3) Analysis of class diversity among farm operators with reference to Weber's and Bourdieu's theories. Identification of three main class fractions inside the farm operators` community: the positively privileged, the middle, and the negatively privileged ones. Analysis of their lifestyles, dominant identities, strategies of farming, and any pro- or anticapitalist type of class consciousness.

4) Analysis of formation of farmers' interest representation system. Study of current relations between the state and farmers' groups that have taken on a form of institutionalized cooperation between the main interest groups and other interest organizations.

5) Study whether Polish family farmers fit sustainability profile. Exploration of "sustainability mindset" on the level of particular farms that translates into a more economically viable, socially just, and environmentally sound farm system in Poland.

6) Analysis of attitudes toward IT, popularity of such technologies in farming, relations between farming strategies and technologies employed.

7) Analysis of institutional and legal framework for food safety and security, consciousness, knowledge and attitudes of farmers in this regard.

» Differences and boundaries in the process of creating neighbourhood communities in large cities. A socio-spatial study

This project has received funding from the National Centre of Science

Director of the project: dr Marta Smagacz-Poziemska
Team members: dr hab. Andrzej Bukowski, dr Marta Smagacz-Poziemska, dr Karol Kurnicki, dr Marcjanna Nóżka.
Project duration: 2015-2018

Description: The main objective of the project is to develop a conception explaining the mechanisms of establishment and reproduction of urban territorial communities at the level of the estate. The starting point in the project is the assertion – deduced from our empirical studies – that the concepts of "self-organisation" of local communities, social differentiation and spatial processes, which occupy a major place in urban sociology, sociology of local communities and sociology of space, are not sufficient to explain the models ofsocio-spatial relations by which territorial communities (in the project: estates) form, reproduce and change. The weakness of these conceptions lies in their substantial understanding of the differences (and similarities) – in terms of permanent characteristics of social position (socio-economic status, lifestyle, or social capital). To form our conception, we will refer to the theories of Pierre Bourdieu and to Fredrik Barth's concept of social boundaries, used in relational anthropology, including the category of difference as a factor organising social life, as well as relational theories of space, especially as conceived by Doreen Massey. The planned field work will allow us to verify and elaborate the main theoretical premise and develop a methodology of empirical research on urban communities in our proposed theoretical paradigm.

» Public Discourse in Poland and Religion. Models of Legitimation in the Debates on Biopolitics between 2004-2014.

This project has received funding from the National Centre of Science

Director of the project: prof. dr hab. Irena Borowik
Team members: prof. dr hab. Irena Borowik, dr Agnieszka Dyczewska, dr Katarzyna Zielińska, dr Marcin Zwierżdżyński, mgr Joanna Mleczko, mgr Inga Koralewska.
Project duration: 2015-2017

Description: The objective of the project is to understand the meaning of religion in the public sphere in Poland by discovering the role played by references to religion in legitimations of discourse on the thorny issues related to biopolitics. Each discourse, construed as a space for construction of meanings, requires specific models of legitimation, meaning ways of explaining and justifying the socially created order. This is also the case with biopolitics, i.e. the space of diverse discourses on corporeality, sexuality and the limits of life and death. The planned research aims firstly to identify and analyse the models of legitimation used in this field by various discourse communities, secondly to learn what role references to religion play in justifying the positions taken in such fundamental issues, and thirdly to answer the question of what the distribution of support in society is for various models of legitimation. The main research hypothesis of the project is that references to religion considerably diversify the models of legitimation used in discourses and the social opinion on them.

» Sustainable finance for sustainable agriculture and fisheries

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme

Director of the project: dr hab. Piotr Nowak
Team members: prof. dr hab. Krzysztof Gorlach, dr hab. Piotr Nowak, dr Anna Witowska-Jastrzębiec, mgr Adam Dąbrowski
Project duration: 2015-2018

Description: SUFISA aims to identify practices and policies that support the sustainability of primary producers in a context of complex policy requirements, market imperfections and globalization. Knowledge on market conditions and other driving forces exists, but in a fragmented way: relevant producer groups and regions have not yet been analyzed or framework conditions and driving forces have changed in the mean time. Moreover, little information is available on cross-linkages between various drivers and future opportunities and threats will need to be integrated for an encompassing analysis. The work of the SUFISA project will be based on a close cooperation with stakeholders of the industry, policy makers and representatives of governmental and non-governmental organizations. The combination of theoretical approaches and multi-actor involvement will be the precondition for the identification of practices and policies aiming at addressing market failures hindering farmers and fishermen to function sustainably. Objectives The aim of SUFISA is to identify sustainable practices and policies in the agricultural, fish and food sectors that support the sustainability of primary producers in a context of multi-dimensional policy requirements, market imperfections and globalisation.

The five specific objectives of SUFISA are:

To construct a conceptual framework that links market imperfections and policy requirements to primary producers' strategies and performance;
To investigate the nature of market imperfections, policy requirements and their implications for specific commodity sectors and regions;
To analyse the impact of market imperfections and policy requirements on the efficiency and performance of primary producers;
To identify sustainable practices and policies in the agricultural, fish and food sectors that support the sustainability of primary producers and develop future scenarios aimed at countering the identified market imperfections;
To carry out work in a transdisciplinary way using a multi-actor approach, that is, to actively engage a broad spectrum of relevant stakeholders from the beginning of the project in order to optimise both the relevance of the work carried out and its dissemination and uptake by stakeholders.

SUFISA aims to exploit new and emerging research opportunities that address social, environmental and economic challenges. Therefore, the research contributes to building a European Knowledge Based Bio-Economy, bringing together science, industry and stakeholders. . The interaction between science, industry and stakeholders is inherent to the proposed methodology, whereby (1) the structure of the Consortium allows interdisciplinary scientific debate, (2) an External Expert Advisory Board guarantees structured and interactive communication with the sector and other stakeholders and (3) the case studies guarantee the involvement and relevance of the research at the European and local level.

Consortium: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Division of Bioeonomics, Belgium; University of Pisa, Italy; University of Gloucestershire, UK; Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, France; Alma Mater Studiorum, Università di Bologna, Italy; University of Hasselt, Belgium; Nodbinajums Baltic Studies Centre, Latvia; Universidade de Evora, Portugal; Aahrus Universitet, Denmark; Agricultural University of Athens, Greece; Hochschule für nachhaltige Entwicklung Eberswalde, Germany; Jagiellonian University, Poland; University of Belgrade, Serbia.

Zrealizowane projekty

» Dynamics of Extreme Right Protest in Poland, 1989–2012

Projekt uzyskał finansowanie Narodowego Centrum Nauki – Program Preludium

Kierownik projektu: Daniel Płatek (
Członkowie zespołu: Piotr Płucienniczak
Czas trwania projektu: wrzesień 2013 - marzec 2016

Opis: Research on the rise of nationalism and extremism in Poland has tended to focus on either macro or micro level explanations, considering it either as aggressive reactions to frustrations resulting from a rapid end to a period of economic stabilization and of increased expectations or from status inconsistency. However, the extreme right in Poland has never been analyzed as a social movement. Thus, this project pursues an analysis of the Polish extreme right as a social movement with a focus on the meso-organizational and action levels. The analysis stresses political opportunities rather than social threats, discursive opportunities rather than grievances, and repertoires of protest rather than simply violence. Drawing on social movement theory, the project proposes a way to conceptualize the specific political space for the Polish extreme right mobilization as a combination of discursive opportunities and political opportunities. The two dimensions determine the extent and forms of extreme right actions and claims making in two ways. First, they provide different sets of discursive opportunities, which can be either strong (when extreme right actors and claims are highly visible, resonant, and legitimate) or weak (when extreme right actors and claims have a lower degree of visibility, resonance, and legitimacy). Second, they can provide either an open or closed political opportunity structure. Among the political opportunities, the configuration of power between allies and opponents (and the shifts in this configuration), the legal situation in Poland, the repressions of the use of fascist and racist symbols and nationalist practices as well as the process of Europeanization are considered particularly relevant. Looking at a broad spectrum of actors in the extreme right milieu, the project analyzes their forms of action, their targets, and their issues of mobilization with the aim of understanding the differential use of violent versus non-violent forms of action. In addition, the project analyzes the presence of the extreme right in the public domain, including its action repertoires and its contribution to claim making on such issues as national identity, defense of sovereignty, and fight against its enemies. The project builds on protest-event analysis based on newspaper reports of right-wing protests between 1989 and 2013. This allows for analyzing changes over time, which suggests that in the Polish case three distinct phases of extreme right mobilization can be identified: marginalization, institutionalization and radicalization.

» Gender equality and quality of life - how gender equality can contribute to development in Europe. A study of Poland and Norway.

Konkurs: Polsko-Norweska Współpraca Badawcza, Core 2012 Call, operator NCBiR
Kierowniczka projektu: prof. dr hab. Krystyna Slany
Zespół badawczy w IS UJ: dr hab. Beata Kowalska, dr Marta Warat, mgr Ewa Krzaklewska, mgr Anna Ratecka, mgr Aleksandra Migalska
Katedra Epidemiologii i Medycyny Zapobiegawczej CM UJ, Center for Gender Research at the University of Oslo (STK), The Institute of Health and Society at the University of Oslo (HELSAM)
Czas trwania projektu: 2013-2016
Strona projektu:

Opis: Głównym celem projektu jest zbadanie równości płci i jej wpływu na jakość życia i rozwój społeczny. W proponowanym przez nas podejściu do równości płci, będziemy skupiać się na relacjach między równością płci, a dążeniem jednostek do osiągnięcia satysfakcjonującego i zdrowego życia, jednocześnie odnosząc się do kulturowych i instytucjonalnych uwarunkowań tych relacji. Metody badawcze, które będą wykorzystane w tym projekcie to przede wszystkim badania ankietowe, które będą przeprowadzone na terenie Polski, uzupełnione analizą danych zastanych i polityk społecznych oraz badaniami jakościowymi przeprowadzonymi w Polsce i Norwegii. Zamierzamy przeprowadzić pierwsze w Polsce badania, które w centrum swojego zainteresowania będą miały równość płci bazując na metodzie mierzenia równości płci wypracowanej przez Center for Gender Research Uniwersytetu w Oslo. Badania sondażowe skupią się na siedmiu obszarach równości płci: normach i postawach, praktykach, dystrybucji zasobów, doświadczenia w perspektywie życia jednostek, jakości życia oraz rozwoju społecznego. Wszystkie te wymiary będą poddane analizie na przestrzeni biegu życia, w różnych obszarach od pracy, poprzez życie rodzinne, partycypację polityczną, proces decyzyjny po doświadczenia przemocy. Wyniki tych badań pozwolą na zidentyfikowanie istniejących nierówności, wyodrębnienie strukturalnych, kulturowych oraz instytucjonalnych uwarunkowań równości płci, a także umożliwi wskazanie warunków, które sprzyjają pozytywnemu wpływowi równości płci na jakość życia i rozwój społeczny. Wyniki projektu przyczynią się przede wszystkim do rozwoju teoretycznej wiedzy w zakresie równości płci, a wypracowana w toku projektu nowa rama badania równości płci będzie stanowić bodziec dla nowych, bardziej przekrojowych i efektywnych strategii gender mainstreaming w Polsce i w Norwegii.

» Doing family in transnational context. Demographic choices, welfare adaptations, school integration and every-day life of Polish families living in Polish-Norwegian transnationality

Projekt uzyskał finansowanie Narodowego Centrum Badań i Rozwoju w ramach programu Polsko-Norweska Współpraca Badawcza
Kierowniczka projektu: prof. dr hab. Krystyna Slany
Członkinie zespołu: dr Magdalena Ślusarczyk, Justyna Struzik, Stella Strzemecka, Paula Pustułka, Ewa Krzaklewska
Partnerzy Projektu: Centrum Stosunków Międzynarodowych, Agderforskning (Agder Research), NOVA - Norskinstitutt for forskningomoppvekst, velferdogaldring (Norwegian Social Research)
Czas trwania projektu: lipiec 2013 - czerwiec 2016
Strona projektu:

Opis: The proposed project responds to the 'Social sciences and bilateral relations' area of the core call, focusing on the issues of migration. The study analyzes population flow between Poland and Norway, contextualized in the broader discourses of intra-European labour mobility and specific field of transnational family studies. Recent intensification of human mobility between Poland and Norway, as well as problems encountered by migrants and institutions serve as rationale for this project, justifying the need for development of a recommendable action plan to improve the bilateral relations. A vast array of quantitative(survey, statistical analysis) and qualitative (biographic/in-depth interviews, sociometric, focus group and visual tools) research methods will be used across the project, which will further benefit from extensive data-sharing and findings-exchange between research teams. Multi-level involvement of stake-holders concerned with consequences of migration is planned, as migrant family members, teachers, social workers and institutions will be approached and examined in two geographical locations. The project is driven by tangible results in a form of policy recommendations, as well as enrichment of scientific/scholarly as well as public/community knowledge about Polish-Norwegian migration, which will be obtained through multi-sited interdisciplinary empirical social research, and subsequent educational, dissemination- and promotion-related activities (workshops, conferences). The consortium tackling the TRANSFAM project consists of specialists in their respective fields, granting timely and expertly fulfillment of the aforementioned objectives. In conclusion, the envisioned evidence-driven policy-building of this bilateral project is in high demand for urgent exploration.

» Śladami pamięci. Strategie pamiętania o kulturze żydowskiej w Galicji.

Projekt uzyskał finansowanie Narodowego Centrum Nauki
Kierownik projektu: dr hab. Jacek Nowak
Członkowie zespołu: A. Niedźwieńska, S. Kapralski, D. Niedźwiedzki, A. Dziuban
Czas trwania projektu: wrzesień 2013 – sierpień 2016.

Opis: Przedmiotem planowanych badań jest mechanizm i strategie budowania pamięci zbiorowej o kulturze żydowskiej w lokalnych społecznościach południowo-wschodniej Polski. Chcemy zbadać, jak pamięć o Żydach jest transmitowana w międzypokoleniowym przekazie i rozpoznać stan i kondycję owej dziedziczonej pamięci. Interesują nas procesy społeczne zachodzące w środowisku lokalnym, które modelują sposoby przetwarzania pamięci o przeszłości. Wykażemy, jak teraźniejsze interesy wspólnot kreują wzory pamiętania o kulturze żydowskiej. Nasze hipotezy badawcze nakierowane są głównie na wyjaśnienie mechanizmów zapominania. Zakładamy bowiem, że pamięć najstarszego pokolenia o kulturze żydowskiej ulega zatarciu, a ich wspomnienia nie są włączane do tożsamościowych narracji badanych wspólnot lokalnych. Dzieje się tak dlatego, że pamięć kultury żydowskiej nie jest wykorzystywana przez młodsze pokolenia w kreowaniu tożsamości wspólnotowej. Postaramy się odpowiedzieć na pytanie dlaczego kolejne pokolenia nie chcą pamiętać o tamtej kulturze? Szczególną wagę przywiązujemy do zbadania samego mechanizmu transmisji pamięci o przeszłości między pokoleniami. Wykorzystując warsztat antropologii społecznej, socjologii i psychologii skupimy się na wyjaśnieniu procesu interferencji i zacierania śladów pamięci. Chcemy odpowiedzieć na pytania: Czy i jak wybrane wspólnoty pamiętają kulturę żydowską? Jakie strategie wybierają w procesie przepracowania pamięci lokalnej przeszłości? Jak ta pamięć jest przekazywana w międzygeneracyjnych przekazach?

» Media jako przestrzeń deliberacji - analiza wzorów dyskursu publicznego na przykladzie kluczowych kwestii energetyki: budowy elektrowni atomowej, eksploatacji gazu łupkowego i wykorzystania energii wiatrowej w Polsce

Projekt uzyskał finansowanie Narodowego Centrum Nauki
Kierownik projektu: dr Aleksandra Wagner
Członkowie zespołu: dr Maria Światkiewicz-Mośny, Rafał Garpiel
Okres realizacji: 2.08-2012 do 1.08- 2015

Opis: Celem nadrzędnym planowanych badań jest diagnoza wzorów prowadzenia dialogu społecznego dotyczącego kluczowych problemów energetyki w polskich środkach masowego przekazu (telewizja, radio, prasa) oraz Internecie. 
Cele szczegółowe formułujemy w trzech wymiarach:

1) w wymiarze teoretycznym:
a) poddać refleksji teoretycznej funkcje mediów w kontekściepartycypacji społecznej.
b) zidentyfikować przesłanki ideologiczne i pragmatyczne leżące u podstaw regulacji krajowych i międzynarodowych, obligatoryjnie wpływających na działalność mediów i tych o funkcjach samokontrolnych, przyjmowanych dobrowolnie kodeksów etyki, dobrych praktyk, etc.
c) opracować model relacji władzy - wiedzy - interesów kształujacy dyskurs publiczny w zidentfikowanych polach dyskursywnych i pomiędzy nimi i oszacować jego możliwe konsekwencje dla procesów partycypacji społecznej.

2) w wymiarze metodologicznym
a) zaadaptować istniejące metody analizy dyskursu (CAD,analiza semiotyczna, analiza sytuacyjna) do oceny przestrzeni komunikacyjnej mediów jako płaszczyzny deliberacji społecznej.
b) wskazać szanse i ograniczenia modelu psychomoterycznego w zakresie włączania opinii publicznej w proces podejmowania decyzji w sprawach nuklearnych (Sohn i in. 2001)

3) w wymiarze empirycznym formułujemy zarówno cel opisowy (opis funcjonalny i dynamiczny), jak i eksplanacyjny:
a) pogłębiona analiza strategii argumentacyjnych, ich uwarunkowań i skutków w wyróżnionym obszarze życia społecznego oraz identyfikacja aktorów komunikacji.
b) krytyczna analiza istniejących relacji władzy w przestrzeni publicznej, rekonstrukcja sposobów zawłaszczania dyskursu publicznego przez grupy interesu.
c) analiza wykorzystania wiedzy do legitymizowania interesów własnych i delegitymizowania interesów pozostałych grup.

» The Europeanisation of the Holocaust memory in Eastern Europe (EurHolMem)

grant Unii Europejskiej w ramach 7. Programu Ramowego – People – Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowships for Career Development, no. 330424
Kierownik projektu: dr hab. prof. UJ MArek Kucia
Okres realizacji: 2013-2014

Opis: The Holocaust, i.e. the destruction of almost six millions of European Jews between 1933 and 1945, after having faded into oblivion in the late 1940s and 50s, has been a matter of developing national memories in Western Europe, Israel and the USA since the 1960s and a part of cosmopolitan and European memory since the 1990s. In Eastern Europe (EE), where the Holocaust had largely happened, its memory hardly developed until the end of the communist rule in 1989-91. The general objective of this project is to assess to what extent, how and why the cosmopolitan and (West) European memory of the Holocaust has contributed to the development of the Holocaust memory in EE since 1989. The research concerns primarily the former communist-ruled countries that joined the European Union in 2004 and 2007, with references to other post-communist countries in the east of the continent (except for Russia). The project aims (1) to assess how much national and cosmopolitan/[West] European Holocaust memory there is in the EE countries; (2) to analyse the Europeanisation of the Holocaust memories in the EE countries through European organisations: the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust, the Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research; the Council of Europe; the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe; and, particularly, the European Union; and (3) to discuss the causes of slower development of the Holocaust memory in EE. The research involves: (1) the analysis of the Holocaust organisations, memorials, remembrance, education, and public awareness in EE; (2) the analysis of the participation of the EE countries in the Holocaust remembrance within selected European organisations, including the analysis of the Holocaust-related debates in and documents of the European Parliament; (3) the study of the politics of memory of selected EE countries in regard to the Holocaust, with reference to its history.

» Społeczne zamykanie (się) przestrzeni. Wpływ wykluczenia społecznego na postrzeganie i poznawczą schematyzację przestrzeni fizycznej oraz zachowania terytorialne osób wykluczonych

Projekt uzyskał finansowanie Narodowego Centrum Nauki
Kierownik projektu: dr Marcjanna Nóżka
Czas realizacji: marzec 2013 – luty 2016

Opis projektu: Celem projektu jest rozpoznanie i analiza poznawczych reprezentacji środowiska osób wykluczonych społecznie, a także ich wpływu na zachowania terytorialne. Wykorzystując w badaniach socjologicznych perspektywę poznawczą koncentruję się na identyfikacji związków między zajmowaniem określonej pozycji społecznej a sposobem postrzegania otoczenia. Interesuje mnie relacja w jakiej pozostaje wiedza na temat otoczenia z zachowaniami terytorialnymi, które manifestują się np. budowaniem określonych związków z innymi ludźmi, podejmowaniem określonych ról społecznych. Hipotetycznie przyjęto, że doświadczenie wykluczenia może stanowić zmienną niezależną wpływającą na sposób postrzegania otoczenia. Mam tutaj na myśli społecznie podzielany obraz przestrzeni fizycznej, który nie zależny wyłącznie od jej wspólnego zamieszkiwania. Pytanie zatem: jak kształtuje się wiedza osób wykluczonych społecznie w odniesieniu do otoczenia fizycznego? Czy można mówić o specyficznym, dla osó b wykluczonych społecznie, postrzeganiu i schematyzacji przestrzeni? Projekt obejmuje takie szczegółowe zagadnienia jak: personalizowanie przestrzeni; jej granice i ich „przepuszczalność"; poczucie identyfikacji z miejscem.